It is important to remember that complying with OSHA standards do not eliminate all hazards in your workplace. The general duty clause requires employees to correct unsafe conditions in the workplace. One tool that helps employers identify hazards for their specific workplace is a job hazard analysis (JHA).
Basic JHA steps:
1) Break down the job; Allows for the identification of all hazards, even if they are repetitious throughout the operation.
2) Identify the hazards; Hazards are things like lacerations, muscle strains, etc.
3) Evaluate the hazards; Done to make a determination of how to reduce or eliminate them.
4) Recommend protection; Allows us to mitigate the problem.
5) Revise the JHA; Must be done if the current JHA is ineffective or if the operation changes.
Companies often see an increase in production due to the identification and abatement of hazards. Management also benefits by having a happier and more content workforce, which is another offshoot of JHA.
Also, if the need for protection, such as PPE, is found, then the JHA can be used as the hazard assessment required by the personal protective equipment standard (29 CFR 1910.132).
Note: some companies refer to JHAs as Job Safety Analysis (JSA).